Impact of Technology and Multimedia

Posted: 02/06/2016 in Assignments

Technology and multimedia have become common place in online learning environments. In and of itself “technology can provide more efficStreaming Mediaient instructions, it does not necessarily provide more effective instruction” (Morrison, Ross, Kalman & Kemp, 2013, p. 224). Technology allows for the insertion of simulations, games and other interactions designed to engage and challenge learners. The drawback of the use of these tools is they are often inserted without the benefit of good instructional design (Morrison et al., 2013). In addition, the technologies introduces may not be in line with the course objectives and goals (Laureate Education, 2010).

Before implementing technology the instructor must determine the value of the technology in alignment with the course objectives and goals. If the technology or use of multimedia is not the best way to accomplish these objectives, it should be left out (Laureate Education, 2010). In addition the learning experience you are trying to achieve should match the appropriate technology (Simonson, Smaldino, Albright, & Zvacek, 2012). The instructor should be comfortable with any technology prior to implementing it into a course (Boettcher & Conrad, 2010). Instructors that are intimidated or fearful of technology are going to struggle in the online environment (Adams, 2009).Internet Technology

The other considerations one should make prior to adding technology and multimedia tools to a course is the student. The skills level of the student will dictate the tools one should incorporate (Boettcher & Conrad, 2010). You will want to provide opportunities for students to expand in the skill and knowledge of different tools. There are a number of ways to accomplish this, via a tutorial, peer to peer learning, learning activities prior to the course, and others (Boettcher & Conrad, 2010). The other consideration in using technology tools is the bandwidth available to house the tools you would like to use at your location, and the location of the students and their access to these tools. For instance if you are using tools that require a high-speed connection and you have students in remote or rural areas they may not be able to access the necessary tools (Laureate Education, 2010).

Accessibility

As instructional designers we must keep in mind all the diversity in learning styles, technological skill level, and the way different types of learners may interact with computers (Cooper, Colwell, & Jelfs, 2007). “Accessibility and usability impact directly on the pedagogical effectiveness of e-learning systems or resources for all learners, but particularly for disabled learners” (Cooper et al., 2007, p. 233). As we embark on developing and designing e-learning we need address accessibility and usability issues throughout the design process, to enhance the end-user experience to make the learning available to as many users as possible (Cooper et al., 2007).

BlogFor myself some of the online tool I feel I will use the most in my career as an instructional designer is my blog site and YouTube. I can post information on my own blog and can link to other information someone else has posted, creating a wealth of information about a particular subject. In addition creating a video library of content either I have created or a playlist compiling videos of others is a great way to share information. Linking my Blog to my YouTube channel and to a CMS site would be a great way to build engaging course materials.

References

Adams, C. (2009). Is teaching online right for you? As more of your peers enter the virtual classroom, we take a look at the pros and cons. Instructor, 118(6), 41-43.

Boettcher J. V., & Conrad, R. (2010). The online teaching survival guide: Simple and practical pedagogical tips. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Cooper, M., Colwell, C., & Jelfs, A. (2007). Embedding accessibility and usability: Consideratios for e-learning reseach and development projects. ALT-J: Research in Learning Technology, 15(3), 231-245.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2010). Enhancing the online experience [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Morrison, G. R., Ross, S. M., Kalman, H. K., & Kemp, J. E. (2013). Designing Effective Instruction (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., Albright, M., & Zvacek, S. (2012). Teaching and learning at a distance: Foundations of distance education. (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.

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Comments
  1. Ilia ID Blog says:

    Hi Jordyn,

    Technology can improve learning when it is used considering design principles. Multimedia instruction improves human learning since it promotes deep understanding, provides designers powerful tools for creating instructional messages, and can make key content more accessible, more understandable, and/or more memorable (Low; cited by Morrison et al., 2013, P. 235).

    I agree that one of the disadvantages of using technology is implementing it without design principles in mind. Technology should not be used just because it is available. It should be applied after careful consideration of its benefits, and its use must be aligned with instructional objectives.

    Ilia


    References

    Morrison, G. R.; Ross, S. M.; Kalman, H. K.; & Kemp, J. E. (2013). Designing Effective Instruction (7th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc

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